India at a Glance
Taj Tour Guide
Shah Jahan (January 5, 1592 – January 22, 1666)
Baadshah Shah Jahan was born as Prince Shihab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram, on January 5, 1599 in Lahore, Pakistan was the emperor of the Mughal Empire in the Indian Subcontinent from 1628 until 1658. The name Shah Jahan comes from Persian meaning "King of the World." He was the fifth Mughal emperor after Babur, Humayun, Akbar, and Jahangir and was the favourite of his legendary grandfather, Akbar the Great. Even though he was very young, he was chosen as successor to the Mughal throne after the death of Emperor Jahangir.
He is considered to be one of the greatest Mughals and his reign has been called the Golden Age of the Mughals and one of the most prosperous ages of the Indian civilization. He was also one of the most powerful personalities on the earth and his Mughal Empire and his empire had the largest and most prosperous capital as well as some of the most spectacular architectural masterpieces in the world.
More about Shah Jahan ( Mughal Emperor - Reign - 1628 - 1658)
Shahanshah Shah Jahan erected many splendid monuments, the most famous of which is the legendary Taj Mahal at Agra built as a tomb for his wife, Empress Mumtaz Mahal The Pearl Mosque and many other buildings in Agra, the Red Fort and the Jama Masjid Mosque in Delhi. He also carries the universally famous titles like "The builder of marvels ". His early years saw him receive a cultured, broad education and he distinguished himself in the martial arts and as a military commander while leading his father's armies in numerous campaigns.
At the age of fifteen, Shah Jahan married Arjumand Banu Begum, the grand daughter of a Persian noble, who was 14 years old at the time. She was also the niece of the famous queen of Jehangir-Nur Mahal After their wedding celebrations, the Badshah "finding her in appearance and character elect among all the women of the time," gave her the title Mumtaz Mahal (Jewel of the Palace).
In 1658 he fell ill, and was confined by his son Aurangzeb in the citadel of Agra until his death in 1666. Shah Jahan´s life which began with happy ceremonies, wouldn´t have ended in a more tragic way. He spent the last eight years of his life sequestered in a part of the Agra fort; only Jahanara, his sincere daughter was allowed to visit him. Yet His only consolation was that from his prison window, he could see his unique architectural work Taj Mahal, though he couldn´t visit. During those eight years, Shah Jahan´s soul had always yearned for visiting Taj Mahal where his beloved wife lay buried and it only rested when he followed her and was at last buried beside her.